Pronunciation of past tense ‘…ed’ endings
Listen in British and American English
wait, start, treat, test, date, guard, decide, fade, heed, add, mend
change to /Id/ >>
waited, started, treated, tested, dated, guarded, decided, faded, heeded, added, mended
WHY? When two consonants sounding very similar of the same place and manner are next to each other it is impossible to distinguish them from one another. You need to separate them with the vowel sound /I/ so you can hear the difference between them. e.g /…dId/
work, cook, miss, pass, guess, face, chase, race, joke, ask, bounce, fix, tax, crash, wash, watch, fetch
change to /t/ >>
worked, cooked, missed, passed, guessed, faced, chased, raced, joked, asked, bounced, fixed, taxed, crashed, washed, watched, fetched
WHY? If the base verb ends in a voiceless consonant that sounds different to the end sound of the base verb (not the same »place and manner, no vowel sound is needed to distinguish between the two sounds, as they already sound different; e.g. /…kt/
care, bore, argue, allow, move, dive, curve, believe, cycle, file, boil, cancel, climb, turn, learn, beg, bug, judge.
change to /d/ >>
cared, bored, argued, allowed, moved, dived, curved, believed, cycled, filed, boiled, cancelled, climbed, turned, learned, begged, bugged, judged.
WHY? If the base word ends in a vowel sound or a voiced consonant that sounds different to the end sound of the base verb and is not the same place and manner, no vowel sound is needed to distinguish between the two sounds, as they already sound different; e.g. /…gd/