English Word Linking Linking -with 'r'



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Word linking is one of the smaller details of speech that contributes towards an accent's subtle character. It is really worth paying attention to this as it is often this kind of small detail that gives away an accent's authenticity even if you have mastered the sounds and inflection.
Rule 3: Is the accent is rhotic or not? A rhotic accent pronounces every /r/ in the spelling, and in a non-rhotic accent /r/ is only pronounced before a vowel sound. So in a non-rhotic accent the final ‘r’ in the first word links to the next word only if the word starts with a vowel sound, however in a rhotic accent an /r/ at the end of a word will always be pronounced regardless of whether the next word starts with a vowel or consonant. The RHOTIC ACCENTS below are marked *RH.  

Examples:


were all

were there

more apples

more people

better spaghetti

better oranges

tour China

tour England

tour Egypt

or else

or walk

four phones

four envelopes

four cafes

four avenues


 Select audio below. Rewind with progress bar.

        R.P. Standard (British)                 R.P. Conservative (British)       
        American (General)*                 American (North East Coast)*       
        London area (British)                 London Cockney (British)      
        Ireland*                Northern Ireland*       
        Scotland*                 South Wales       
        Australia                 New Zealand      
        South Africa                 Liverpool/Scouse       
        Manchester/Mancunian                Newcastle/Geordie       
        American (Deep South)*                 American (New York, Bronx)      
        French Accent*                 Indian Accent*       
        Brazilian Accent*                 American (West coast)*      


Rule 4: Sometimes called the 'intrusive r'; when the final sound of the first word is the weak/schwa vowel, such as at the end of the word 'China', or the sound 'aw' as in British English 'law'', and the second word starts with a vowel, sometimes the words will link with an 'r', as the tongue is in a position close to the sound 'r' in the vowel at the end of the first word. Some accents use this a lot, such as British R.P. and Australian English, where as others hardly at all, such as speakers of American and Scottish English, who pronounce the first vowel with the tongue at a lower height. Whether an 'r' is used to link two vowels depends on the height of the tongue in the first vowel sound, however not all accents will use an 'r' to link them.

Examples:


vanilla ice

Anna agreed

India again

China instead

alpha eight

law overruled

thaw out

paw in

raw avocado

saw eighteen


        R.P. Standard (British)                 R.P. Conservative (British)       
        American (General)                 American (North East Coast)       
        London area (British)                 London Cockney (British)      
        Ireland                Northern Ireland       
        Scotland                 South Wales       
        Australia                 New Zealand      
        South Africa                 Liverpool/Scouse       
        Manchester/Mancunian                Newcastle/Geordie       
        American (Deep South)                 American (New York, Bronx)      
        French Accent                 Indian Accent       
        Brazilian Accent                 American (West coast)      

Rewind / fast-forward with progress bar above


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